Prefixes-Root Words-Suffixes

Prefixes

 a/an-

 not, without

 amoral, atheist

 un/il/im

 not

 unwilling, illogical, immoral,

 non-

 not

 non-dairy, non-fat

 pre-

 before

 preview, prescribe

 post-

 after

 post-test, postmortem         

 semi-

 half

 semicircle, semiarid

 super-

 over, more than

 supernatural, supernova

 sub-

 under

 submarine, substitute

 mono-

 one

 monogram

 uni-

 one

 unicycle, unit

 bi-

 two

 bicycle, biped

 tri-

 three

 tricycle, triangle

 quad-

 four

 quadrangle, quadrant

 dec-

 ten

 decimal, decade

 cent-

 hundred

 century, centimeter

 anti-

 against

 antiviral, antifreeze

 pro-

 for

 prolife, professional

 auto-   

 self

 automobile, autopilot

 trans-

 across

 transport, transmit

 re-

 again

 remodel, redo

 

Roots

 bio

 life

 biography, biology

 aero

 air

 aerodynamics, aeronautics

 hydro

 water

 hydroelectric, hydropower

 aqua   

 water

 aquariam, aquifer

geo

 earth

 geography, geology

 terr

 earth

 terrain, terrestrial

 chron

 time

 chronological, synchronize

 micro   

 small

 microscope, micromanage

 mort

 death

 mortal, mortuary

 phon

 sound

 telephone, symphony

 photo

 light

 photograph, telephoto

 scrib,    script

 write

 inscribe, transcript

 graph

 write

calligraphy, biography

 tele

 distant

 telephone, telescope

 biblio    

 book

 bibliography, Bible

 ject

 throw

 project, reject

 spec

 see

 spectacle, spectate

 vis, vid

 see

 vision, video

 scope

 seeing

 microscope, telescope

 port

 carry

 portable, transport

 aud

 hear

 auditory, audible

 dict

 say

 dictate, dictionary

 mobil

 move

mobile phone, mobility

 term

 end

 terminal, terminate

 cycle

 circle

 cyclist, cyclone

 

Suffixes

 -ness

 state of

 happiness, meanness

 -hood

 state of

 statehood, sisterhood

 -ship

 state of

 kinship, leadership

 -ist  

 one who

 realist, biologist

 -ian

 related to

Hawaiian, musician

 -ish

 related to

 oafish, childish

 -al

 related to

 dismal, national

 -ous

 turns a word into an adjective

 hilarious, luscious, vacuous, spacious,

 -tion

 turns a word into a noun

 clarification, termination, germination, instruction, generation

 -ity

 turns a word into a noun

 reality, hilarity, nationality, priority

 -ize

turns a word into a verb

 nationalize, prioritize, realize

 -ate

 turns a word into a verb

 germinate, generate

 -fy

  turns a word into a verb

 rarify, solidify, rectify

 

 

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